Version 5 updated to 5.1.26
Support for Dr Simon Monk Raspirobotboard 2
Support for 4Tronix Pizazz Robot Kit
Input handling now responds to short lived events – very useful for Line Following Robots and Burglar Alarms etc
Camera Support courtesy of Matt Venn
This will take a photo and stick it in /home/pi/photos using Raspberry Pi camera
Basic Minecraft support
Broadcast MinecraftStart to connect to running Minecraft program
set MineX setMineY and setMineZ followed my MinecraftMove should move you to a the co-ordinates defined
or you can do Broadcast MineCraftCamMove to move the camera to those co-ords instead
Thats all it does so far
ADAFruit and 4Tronix I2C PWM and analogue input boards bow supported at a ll times wit ha ll add-ons
Simon, I work for a science education non-profit in the United States. We’re in the process of putting together a Raspberry Pi kit to expose and excite young kids about basic programming and electronics. I’d very much like to talk to you offline if possible. Would it be possible for you to e-mail me? – Sandra
I’ve emailed you 🙂
We’ve made a light flash on the Pibrella! However, we cannot seem to read the switch. The code has a if loop with
if sensor value = 1
and back again (obviously this is shortened!)
Any ideas? Or could we have a dodgy switch? (The sheet with the code used ScratchGPIO 4 if that helps)
Syntax changed between 4 and 5 🙂
So instead of 1 or 0 – its on or off – the docs here should help you with any other changes http://cymplecy.wordpress.com/scratchgpio/addon-boards/pibrella/
Thank you – and sorry my initial message left out “switch” – I’d enclosed it in “angle brackets” to show the shapes!
Daughter can go to bed happy now … or as happy as you can be with SAT exams in the morning!
Pass on my best wishes. Life becomes a lot better on Friday 🙂
Is there somewhere in the python scratch handler program that I can change the PWM frequency when driving a simple motor (i.e. not a stepper)? A line number would be great.
The reason I ask is that many years ago I gained experience driving small DC motors with pwm at about 10Hz. The value of this is that the motor gets pulses of full voltage or even more which can keep it turning instead of stalling at low power. I have managed down to about 3 revs/s or ~180 rpm this way. Higher frequency pwm however means the supply just gets averaged / smoothed by all the inductance in the circuit and is therefore just a way of getting a digital to analogue conversion which you can see is not what I want.
The reason I was using such low frequency in the past by the way is that I was working in basic on a ZX80 using an add-on board to read switches to control power and 10Hz was as fast as I could make it go!
Checkout https://github.com/cymplecy/scratch_gpio/blob/V5/sgh_GPIOController.py – line 202 onwards does PWM – PWMFREQ is set to 100Hz.
it would be great to find an optimum value for it as the low duty cycle motor performance at the moment is quite poor and means I have to use quite high geared motors and then run them an 70-100% duty cycle so getting more torque at lower duty cycles would be great 🙂
Good Luck and keep us unpdated 🙂
Thanks for that. I tried changing PWMFREQ in line 64 to 10 instaed of 100 and as I write I have a 3V motor fed by a 4.5V supply turning steadily at 12rpm – 5s per rev – on a power setting of 3. It’s a bit notchy but it’s not stalling.
On the default PWMFREQ setting of 100 I was only able to keep it turning at power 25 – 30 but this is exactly what I was hoping for. The optimum may be a little more than 10 but this is a great start. I hope you find it useful too.
Funnily enough it’s actually a great visual demonstration of pwm!
Great stufff – I’ll have to play with it – I set it at 100 as I use PWM for LED brightness as well and didn’t think that it would affect motors! So I may have to have 2 settings and alter my code to deal with it 🙂
PWMFREQ=20 is not a bad compromise. The motor turns slowly but with good torque on low power and then at some power level it begins to run properly at speed. Loading has some effect on this of course. Even at 20 you can see an LED dimming. The flicker is evident at low power/duty cycle but less visible when you go above about 50.
My next step now is to use a LM293D chip to give me a reversing motor, using the pwm on the enable pin and two other pins as simple high/low to control the direction.
I’ve altered the code so that motors are treated differently than LEDS (default 10 Hz for motors) – others on twitter have suggested varying freq with duty cycle so I’m going to play with that – thanks very much for point all this out 🙂